What is Wholesale Special Finance Banking?

Wholesale banking is the provision of banking services to large entities such as governments, financial institutions, large companies, real estate developers, and investors. In this blog, we will tell you about what is wholesale special finance, wholesale finance reserve, wholesale finance company, wholesale finance of America, and wholesale finance definition.

What Is Wholesale Special Finance Banking?

Wholesale banking is the sale of banking services to larger customers, including other banks, other financial organizations, governments, large companies, and real estate developers, rather than individuals and smaller businesses. Retail banking is the provision of banking services to individual consumers and smaller business owners. Retail banking includes currency exchange, checking accounts, savings accounts, credit cards, loans, mortgages, and other services.

Managing the wholesale special finance function requires special expertise. For example, to meet the customization needs of government entities, banks must meet the additional requirement of bankers with expertise in government entity features. Project managers and government agencies require more detailed banking activities than business activities. It is imperative to provide banking and financial solutions that do not violate government protocols or create a conflict of interest.

The list of customers, which includes a variety of organizations, is below:

  1. Mortgage banks
  2. Commercial Banks
  3. Large Corporations
  4. Mid-sized Companies
  5. Real Estate Developers and Investors
  6. Institutional Customers
  7. Government agencies


  • wholesale special finance banking is the practice of selling financial products and services to large customers.
  • Typical services offered include mergers and acquisitions, consultancy, currency conversion, and insurance.
  • Retail banking, which provides services to people and small businesses, is the opposite of wholesale banking.
  • Most standard banks offer both wholesale finance reserve and retail banking services.
  • Wholesale banking also refers to the lending and borrowing between institutions.

Wholesale finance of America banking includes currency conversion and large-scale transactions. It is also known as corporate or commercial banking, as opposed to retail banking which deals with small clients such as individuals.

Wholesale Special Finance Banking Services

  1. Specialized Finance.
  2. Loan Syndications.
  3. Structured Transactions.
  4. Securitization.
  5. Credit Structuring.
  6. Public Sector Infrastructure financing.

Advantages of Wholesale Banking

  • There is additional security for depositors.
  • Loans to the government to carry out long-term projects with large investments. Better cash management.
  • Can meet the huge working capital needs of large corporations.
  • Wholesale bank customers have the advantage of lower transaction fees.
  • It will help companies with large-scale transactions.
  • The main advantage of wholesale special finance banking is that customers have easy and centralized access to all their finances and details.
  • This simplifies internal stock transfers, transfers, allocations, and distributions.

Disadvantages of Wholesale Banking

  • Very high-interest rates.
  • The processing fee is also very high.
  • Pay for services even when they are not used.
  • It is expensive to keep accounts and records.
  • The risk of large-scale loss if the bank closes.
  • Wholesale banking increases the risk it poses to customers because all of their money goes into one institution and businesses depend on the financial health of the bank to function properly.
  • In an economic recession, if banks fail, all dependent businesses will close immediately.

Understanding Wholesale Special Finance

In essence, wholesale banking is the financial lending and borrowing activity between two large institutions. The types of services offered by investment banks typically offer retail banking services. This means that someone looking for a wholesale bank won’t have to go to a special institution and can instead join the same bank where they conduct their personal retail banking business.

The services that are deemed “wholesale” can be found only in government agencies, pension funds and corporations with strong financials. They are for those who require more service than an average person would get from a regular provider. These services are typically cheaper than they would be if bought individually.

The borrowing and lending activities between institutional banks are also referred to as wholesale banking. This kind of loan takes place on the interbank market and frequently entails astronomically high amounts of money.

Example of Wholesale Banking

The easiest way to understand wholesale banking is to think about it as a discount superstore, like Costco, that offers very low pricing on a per dollar basis. It becomes advantageous to large organizations or institutions with lots of assets or business transactions for them to engage in wholesale banking instead of retail banking.

For example, typically a business with multiple locations needs a wholesale special wholesale domestic finance banking solution to manage cash. Tech companies with satellite offices are selected candidates for these services. Assume a SaaS (software as a service) company has 10 sales offices across the United States, and each of its 50 sales team members has access to the company’s wholesale finance credit. The owners of the SaaS company also required each sales office to maintain $1 million in cash reserves, totaling $10 million for the entire wholesale finance company. It is easy to see that a company with this profile is too large for a standard retail bank.

Instead, a business owner can join a bank and request a company set up to maintain all the financial accounts for the business. Wholesale special finance banking acts as a facility that provides rebates if a business meets the minimum cash reserve requirement and the minimum monthly transaction requirement that the SaaS company will meet.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is wholesale banking vs. corporate banking?

The wholesale segment serves large companies such as government agencies, financial institutions, big corporations, real estate developers, and investors. Corporate banking or business banking is targeted toward corporate clients. Examples of products and services offered to corporate clients include Commercial Real Estate, Trade Finance, and Employer Services.

What are the examples of wholesale banking products and services?

Services include cash management, mergers and acquisitions, working capital finance, consulting, interbank lending, fund management, underwriting, and pension payment to government organizations are a few examples.


Above, we have discussed in very simple words what is wholesale special finance. I hope now you must have understood very well. Thanks for reading the blog.

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